A surgical component that interfaces with the bone of the jaw or skull to support a dental prosthesis such as crown, denture, bridge, facial prosthesis or to act as a orthodontic anchor is a dental implant. An intraoral used to restore intraoral defects such as missing soft or hard structures of the jaw and palate is referred to as a dental prosthesis. An intraoral means the inside of the mouth in which restoration occurs. A dental specialty that focuses on dental prostheses is prosthodontics.
There are functions that have been resulted by dental prostheses and they include; rehabilitating mastication, aiding of speech and improving aesthetics. The position of the dental prostheses is that its held on one place by connecting to teeth or dental implants by suction or being passively held by surrounding muscles. Fixing of the dental prostheses is that it can be permanent or temporarily fixed which has a lot of variations.
Dental prostheses that are permanently fixed use dental adhesive or screws to attach to the teeth or dental implants. Using friction against parallel hard surfaces that undercuts the adjacent teeth or dental implants, suction using the mucous retention and also by exploiting the surrounding muscles and anatomical contours of the jaw to passively hold it in place is the process of removing dental prostheses.
In regards to a person bite dental braces or orthodontic anchors are used to straighten teeth and help position teeth while at the same time improving an individual’s dental health. Some more functions of braces include; correcting under bites, overbites, open bites, deep bites, cross bites, crooked teeth, malocclusions among other flaws of the teeth and jaw.
Braces can be found as cosmetic or structural and are used in combination of other orthodontic appliances to help widen the palate or jaws and also assist in shaping the teeth and jaws. Osseointegration is a biological process that is used as a basis for modern dental implants. An intimate bond to bone is accomplished by using titanium as the base material. The connection between living bone and the surface of a load- bearing artificial implant is osseointegration which is direct structural and functional. The application of osseointegration include the following; eye-borg perceive color through sound waves, bone anchored hearing conduction amplification, retention of the craniofacial prostheses, dental implants, bone anchored limb prostheses and knee and joint replacement.
In order for either the dental prosthetic is attached to the implant or an abutment is placed to hold on the dental prosthetic a substantial period of time is required for healing. An implants position is determined by the position and angle of adjacent teeth through lab simulations or using computer tomography with CAD/CAM simulations and surgical guides called stents.